A Plea for United India
It is the partition of India, which is at the very root of most of the problems we face today. The troubles In Punjub or Assam, in Nagaland or Mizoram all are connected directly or indirectly with the partition. It has not only divided us, it also weakened us, crippled us. If has not only divided us, I also be solving of our problems overnight. But is it possible?
We had a great hope when Bangladesh emerged as free secular State. Her freedom could have been impossible without al round help from India. We had heralded it as a first step towards United India .We had hoped that Bangladesh will work hand in hand with India and a new spirit of brotherhood and mutual cooperation will heal the wounds of partition and help to spread the spirit even to Pakistan
There is every reason for hoping that Bharat & Bangladesh will evolve a new pattern of harmony in international relation, Here mutual understanding and cooperation will be the guiding factor and not race for supremacy. Our next move should be to persuade Pakistan to join us in our efforts to begin a new chapter in the history of our subcontinent. Let us hope that the leaders and the people of Pakistan will learn the lessons of history and accept the reality of Bangladesh in a spirit of true brotherhood……….Instead of continuing to harbour malice and will towards Bharat and Bangladesh et Pakistan see facts as facts ………and come back to the mother fold to which she belongs, with a new dignity and status i.e. as an independent equal partner in a federation of brotherhood of nations. The return of the prodigal which is sure to happen one day the sooner it happens the better for all of us- will be hailed as far more Joyous and event than even the emergence of Bangladesh. It will bury for all time to come the bitterness and hatred that the two nations and nurturing in their rising generations since independence.
But all this was a cry in wilderness. To ask Pakistan, to come back to the mother hold was an “Impossible Dream.” Even Bangladesh with whom there were all the possibilities of a closer connection drifted away and began to fraternize with whom here were all possibilities of a closer connection drifted away and began fraternize with other countries which do not like India to grow into a great nation .Within a short period of twelve years she left her newly acquired secularism and went back to the narrow and fanatic religious grooves. Once again she has become an Islamic state! And thus India remains divided in three parts – truncated India –i.e. Bharat flanked by two Islamic states suspicious of one another and becoming easy prey to super powers in their game of power politics.
It seems now certain that these divisions of our motherland can never go ,we can never be united again till the muslims, who opted for partition, come out of their narrow religious dogmas. One of the Bengali muslim ,leaders said at the time of the liberation of Bangladesh.”There is no hesitation on our part to confess that no body could have divided India, if we the muslims of Bengal would not have asked for it. We are solely responsible for the division of India .We are now atoning for the sin boy giving our blood”. Alas, the leaders who are ruling Bangladesh today no more feel the same!
Unless there is a strong inner cultural affinity , a country cannot remain united except by force. A deep feeling of belonging to the motherland, her history and culture must grow in all the people of the nation. It is a fact and let us tell it frankly without mincing words that the muslims have never accepted he Indian culture totally. They have always considered themselves superior to others. Their attitude towards Hindus or Buddhists or Jains is the same today as I was when they came as invaders in the 8h,10th or12th centuries.Within their inner being they still maintain that old arrogance. They still consider it their birth right to convert others –Kaffir as they call them- to Islam by force or by favour .When it is no possible to do so, they lie low waiting for a favourable opportunity. We have witnessed this recently in Meenaskshipuram and other places. Even in this Twentieth century they have not given up their dream of converting India into Darul –islam .
If united Bengal or united India is to be established the first condition is that the muslims( We do not speak here of the general muslim ,masses but the leaders- the mullahs and he intellectuals who were the back bone of the Muslim league policies and who are still very much active even in todays truncated India) must totally change their attitude towards Hindus and people of other faiths. It should be now very clear to every one and it should be taught to every child that the narrow sectarian ideas of religion are false and spring of Ignorance.”Religion (in its narrow sense) has served its purpose in human history and the time has come to transcend it……India has been made the crucible for the fusion of all religions into a spiritual brotherhood. Our saints and savants have ably carried forward the task and our common people too have followed that to a large extent. Kabir, nanak and Chaitanya, the great Akar and Darashikoh and the prophets of the great Indian Renaissance starting from Raja Ram mohan Roy all preached the same message of universal Harmony and Brotherhood, deprecating narrow religious differences of Achar and Anushthan.” – This was the call of Sanatan Dharma all along in the history of India . Islam and Christinity the two most aggressive and missionary religions of the world must understand this message of Sanatan Dharma. They must understand that they too are the daughters of the Sanatan Dharma –the total way to God and Integral life, Sanatan Dharma is the main root – the Urdha Mula- of the Tree of life descending from the Divine. All other religions- from the lowest tribal to the highly philosophical advaitist religions – are but the branches of that one Root sprouted at different times indifferent places according to the necessities and growth of the different peoples, The Lord has suffered till now their good as well as evil deeds. But the time has come now to understand and follow life and Dharma in is total aspect-forgetting all the differences and discords.
In India the difficulty is not with the Hindus – the major populace of the country. They already have a religion which accepts this fundamental unity in Diversity. They find no difficulty in accepting Christ or Mohammad as prophets of religions along with their own prophets. Muslims and Christians must join this main stream. They should consider themselves part and parcel of the Total Indian Culture from Vedic time and feel proud about it. They have nothing to fear, nothing to lose.
Once this inner unity of heart is established it will not be difficult for these three parts of Mother India to come together and form a united India, The political form is immaterial It may be a federation of free and independent states or a united nation of the Indian continent.
Let us conclude with the stirring message of Sri Aurobindo, the prophet of patriotism and Life Divine which he delivered on the eve of our truncated independence with fervent hope that we the people of Bharat , Bangladesh and Pakistan will strive together to forge of United India so that she may once again rise to great heights and fulfil its rightful destiny in the Community of nations. Sri Aurobindo said, “The old communal divisions into Hindus and Muslims seems now to have hardened into a permanent political division of the country. It is to be hoped this settled fact will not accepted as settled for ever or as anything more that a temporary expedient. For if it lasts, India may be seriously weakened even crippled, Civil strife may remain always possible, possible even a new invasion and foreign conquest. Indias internal development and prosperity may be impeded, her position among the nations weakened , her destiny impaired or even frustrated. This must not be , The partition must go. Let us hope that may come about naturally by and increasing recognition of the necessity not only of peace and concord but of common action, by the practice of common action and the creation of means for that purpose. In this way unity may finally come about under whatever form- the exact form may have a pragmatic but not a fundamental importance. But by whatever means , in whatever way, the division must go. Unity must and will be achieved, for it is necessary for the greatness of Indias future.
N.B. The article was written in 1985 but its appeal still holds good and will remain so till we are united again,
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